What is pregnancy and how to be pregnant?
How a girl or woman is pregnant, when a woman and a man have sexual intercourse, there are many questions and concerns about pregnancy in their mind, in which the most important thing is to know about how to get pregnant. it happens. In this article, we are going to tell you, how a woman becomes pregnant, what is the process of conception, when pregnancy occurs, the process of becoming pregnant, and how to avoid pregnancy with the early signs of pregnancy, and how to prevent pregnancy.
How to get pregnant?
When a woman and a man have sexual intercourse, the sperm of the man and the egg of the woman combine in the woman's ovaries to form an embryo in the womb, this condition is called pregnancy. Pregnancy is also called gestation. Generally, the menstrual cycle of girls starts at the age of 11 to 14 years and many types of hormones start to be released in their body, only after that, the uterus of girls matures to give birth to the child. Once menstruation starts, any girl or woman can easily become pregnant by having sex with her partner.
process of getting pregnant
Getting pregnant for any woman is really a complicated process and it is completed in several stages. Most of the time the woman does not even know on which day she actually got pregnant. But doctors usually calculate the onset of pregnancy from the first day of the last menstrual period.
Let us know how a girl or woman becomes pregnant and what is the whole process of pregnancy.
Role of man in the process of conception
It is generally known to all of us that a woman gets pregnant only after having sex with a man. When ejaculation occurs after having sex, a fluid falls from the man's penis into the woman's vagina, which is called semen. The semen also contains the male's sperm which, after falling into the vagina, fertilizes the female's egg to form the embryo.
Let us tell you that male sperm are microscopic cells that are made in the testicles of men. These sperm are attached to a fluid called semen which is released from the penis during ejaculation. Every time after having sex, millions of sperm ejaculate in the woman's vagina, but only one sperm of the man meets the woman's egg, due to which the woman becomes pregnant.
Role of women in the process of pregnancy
Eggs are made in women's ovaries and some of these eggs mature every month due to hormones that regulate menstruation. When these eggs are mature, it means that they are ready to be fertilized with sperm cells. In women, these hormones make the lining of the uterus thick and spongy and prepare it to handle the baby during pregnancy.
After menstruation, a mature egg remains in the woman's ovary, which is called ovulation, this mature egg travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus. This egg travels slowly through the fallopian tubes for 12 to 24 hours in search of sperm around.
At the same time when the man's semen falls into the woman's vagina during ejaculation, the sperm cells swim through the cervix and uterus into the fallopian tubes and find eggs there. Sperm cells in the uterus search for eggs for 6 days and then die.
Fertilization and implantation in humans
During this, when the egg comes in contact with the sperm cells, the sperm cells together with it perform the process of fertilization. But fertilization does not happen immediately. Since the sperm remains in the uterus and fallopian tubes for about 6 days after sex, it fertilizes only between these six days.
If the sperm cells are unable to attach to the egg, the fertilized egg travels down the fallopian tube towards the uterus. There it divides into more and more cells and develops to form a ball. Ball cells called blastocyst travel to the uterus three to four days after fertilization.
Ball's cells also move in the uterus for two to three days and when Ball's cells attach to the lining of the uterine wall, this process is called implantation. After this, the pregnancy really starts.
When fertilized eggs get implanted in the uterus, they secrete pregnancy hormones, which causes the woman to become pregnant and her periods stop.
Early pregnancy symptoms
Most women confirm pregnancy on the basis of symptoms. Let us know what are the symptoms of being pregnant.
- Stopped menstruation
- swelling of the breast
- vomiting or nausea
- breast tenderize
- feeling tired in the body
- Frequent urination
- change in breast size
- body swelling
- to be constipated
All these are considered symptoms of pregnancy but it is not necessary that all these symptoms appear together in every woman. Therefore, if you are in doubt about your pregnancy, then through the test, find out whether you are really pregnant or not.
How to do a pregnancy test
The early symptoms of pregnancy are PMS which are very common. So if you want to know for sure whether you are pregnant or not, then you should take a pregnancy test. Nowadays pregnancy can be confirmed very easily by taking a pregnancy test at home too. There are pregnancy kits available in the market. You can easily do a pregnancy test by reading the instructions written above. If you want, you can also go to the doctor and find out about your pregnancy through the test. Doctors usually check for hCG in a woman's blood and urine. Because HCG is present in the body of women soon after becoming pregnant. If the hCG is high then there is a possibility of more than one fetus.
How to Prevent Pregnancy
The easiest way to avoid getting pregnant is that men should use condoms before having sex so that the woman can avoid unwanted pregnancy.
Taking contraceptive pills will prevent you from getting pregnant even after having sex. But you will have to take a contraceptive pill daily to be more effective.
There is a separate condom available in the market for women. If you want to avoid pregnancy then you should use this special female condom yourself. The female condom is in the shape of a ring and has a pouch attached to it. With the help of a ring, the pouch is inserted into the vagina and the ring is taken out of the vagina. Due to this, the semen collects in this pouch instead of the vagina when ejaculation occurs and the woman is saved from becoming pregnant.
If you are married and want to avoid pregnancy just because you do not want a child, then you can also get a vasectomy done.
If you suspect you may become pregnant after having unprotected sex, take the emergency contraceptive pill to prevent pregnancy within 24 hours of having sex.